Scientific and Development Policy Advisory Committee
The Committee has an advisory function in selecting the Foundation’s theme and region-based areas of special focus. Its members are renowned individuals from the scientific and academic community as well as from the field of politics. These are individuals who are familiar not only with the project activities of the Foundation, but also with current trends in development policy.
Francisco Orrego Vicuña (Chairperson)
Francisco Orrego Vicuña is a Chilean lawyer and arbitrator at different international courts of arbitration. He has been admitted to legal practice in 1965 (Degree in Law, University of Chile) and received his PhD in 1986 from the London School of Economics and Social Sciences. He started his international career as senior legal advisor to the Organization of American States (1965-1969 and 1972-1974). From 1983-1985, he was Ambassador of Chile to the United Kingdom. From 1989-2000, he was President of the Chilean Council on Foreign Relations and a judge at the World Bank Administrative Tribunal from 1992-2009 (President 2001-2004). He was appointed to be an ad hoc judge at the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea from 2000-2009. He was a member of the Panel of Arbitrators and Conciliators of the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) from 1995-2010 and was President of the Panel at the UN Compensation Commission from 1998-2001. In 2007, Francisco Orrego Vicuña was awarded the Medal of Merit by the University of Heidelberg. Today he is an arbitrator at the International Chamber of Commerce, the London Court of International Arbitration, the Permanent Court of Arbitration, the World Trade Organization as well as at 20 Essex Street Chambers, London and Singapore. He is currently also a judge at the Administrative Tribunal of the International Monetary Fund.
Since January 2015, he is the Chairperson of the Committee.
Michael Wood (Vice Chairperson)
Sir Michael is a member of the UN International Law Commission and a Senior Fellow of the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law, University of Cambridge. He is a barrister at 20 Essex Street, London, where he practices in the field of public international law, including before international courts and tribunals. He was Legal Adviser to the UK’s Foreign and Commonwealth Office between 1999 and 2006, having joined as an assistant legal adviser in 1970. He has participated in numerous international conferences, such as the “two-plus-four talks” on German unification, Lancaster House conference on Rhodesia, the peace conferences for Cambodia, and the Dayton and Rambouillet conferences on the former Yugoslavia. He has been involved in numerous important cases, including the Lockerbie and Legality of Use of Force cases before the International Court of Justice and the Bangladesh/Myanmar case at the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea. He is a member of the scientific advisory board of the Heidelberg Max Planck Institute for Foreign Public Law and International Law.
Since January 2015, he is the vice chairperson of the Committee.
Kamal Hossain is a lawyer and politician in Bangladesh. He received his Bachelor of Jurisprudence in 1957 and Bachelor of Civil Law in 1958 from Oxford University as well as his doctorate in 1964. Kamal Hossain held various offices in Bangladesh’s post independence governments: He was Minister for Justice (1972–1973), Minister for Foreign Affairs (1973–1975) and Minister for Oil and Mineral Resources (1974–1975). During his time as Minister for Justice, he was deeply involved in the development of the Constitution of Bangladesh. Aside from his experience in government, he has been actively involved with the work of the United Nations: From 1998 to 2003, he was UN Special Rapporteur for Afghanistan and a member of the UN Compensation Commission (1999–2005). Additionally, he was a Vice-chairperson of the International Law Association, London until 2017, and is a member of the Advisory Council of Transparency International.
Anne Peters is a German-Swiss Professor of international und constitutional law at the Universities of Basel and Heidelberg and since 2013 a Director of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law in Heidelberg. In 1994, she received her doctorate from the University of Freiburg dealing with the topic of “Das Gebietsreferendum im Völkerrecht: Seine Bedeutung im Licht der Staatenpraxis nach 1989” (Regional Referendum in International Law: Their Importance in View of State Practices after 1989). This was followed by a one-year graduate studies programme at the Harvard Law School. In 2000, she finalised her post-doctoral studies on “Elemente einer Theorie der Verfassung Europas” (Elements for a Theory on the Constitution of Europe) at the Christian Albrechts University of Kiel. Since 2001, she is Professor for international and constitutional law at the University of Basel and was also Dean of the faculty of law from 2004 to 2005. Peters has been the President of the executive board of the European Society of International Law from 2010 to 2012.
Günther Schlee is one of the founding directors of the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology in Halle (Saale), where he is in charge of the department “integration and conflict” since 1999. Prior to this, he was Professor of Social Anthropology at the University of Bielefeld. He is an Honorary Professor at the Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg and at the University of Leipzig. Günther Schlee studied ethnology, romance languages and general linguistics at the University of Hamburg. He obtained his doctorate in 1977 for research on the belief and social systems of the Rendille, an ethnic group in northern Kenya. Alongside widespread fieldwork trips in Kenya, Ethiopia and Sudan, he was also guest lecturer in Padang (Sumatra) and at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Science Sociales in Paris. Typical of the research of Günther Schlee is the “inter-ethnic” procedure and the combining of historical, sociological and philological methods. This can also be seen in his “How Enemies Are Made: Towards a Theory of Ethnic and Religious Conflict” (Berghahn Books, 2008). He is editor of the “Zeitschrift für Ethnologie” (1998–2011), “Nomadic Peoples” and “Integration and Conflict Studies” at Berghahn Books. Since 2014, he is Spokesperson of the International Max Planck Research School on Retaliation, Mediation and Punishment.
Joseph Sinde Warioba
Joseph Sinde Warioba held the office of Prime Minister of Tanzania from 1985–1990. Following a period of service at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1971–1975) and Attorney General (1976–1983), he became in 1983 Minister of Justice of Tanzania. He completed his LL.B. at the University College of Dar-es-Salam in 1966 and graduated in 1970 from the Hague Academy of International Law. Mr. Warioba was a judge at the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (1996–1999) and at the East African Court of Justice. In April 2012, the President of Tanzania entrusted him with the task of creating a new Constitution for the country as chairperson of the Constitutional Review Commission. His published works include contributions to the “Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law” on the subject of “Monitoring Compliance with and Enforcement of Binding Decisions of International Courts”.
Erika de Wet
Erika de Wet has been Professor for international law at the University of Pretoria and co-director at the Institute for International Comparative Law in Africa since 2011. She attended the University of the Free State where she graduated with a Bachelor of Law degree and a doctorate in legal studies. She also holds a Master of Law degree from Harvard University and completed her post-doctoral studies at the University of Zurich where she dealt with the topic of “The Chapter VII Powers of the United Nations Security Council”. From 2004–2010, de Wet was a Professor for international constitutional law at the Amsterdam Centre for International Law at the University of Amsterdam. She also teaches regularly at the University of Zurich and University of Bonn. Erika de Wet has had works published in the “Heidelberg Journal of International Law” and other publications. She is the author of numerous entries in the “Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law”. She is co-editor of “Hierarchy in International Law: The Place of Human Rights”.