Dr. Tilmann J. Röder

Managing Director

Project Activities

Asia, particularly Afghanistan, Pakista and Kyrgystan; Colombia (Head of Projects)

Other Activities and Research Interests

Constitutional and International Law; Legal and Justice Reform in Post-Conflict Societies and States in Transformation; Legal Pluralism; Legal History (19th–20th century)

Current Research Projects

 

Professional and Academic Background

Since 7/2015 Member of the Advisory Panel on Civilian Crisis Prevention of the German Federal Government

3/2015 Founder and co-editor, Sâlnâmah Moṭâl‘ât Ḥoqvqy Afġânestân (in Dari); since 6/2017 continued as Journal of Afghan Legal Studies (in Dari, Pashto and English)

Since 5/2014 Co-Editor, Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law

7/2013–7/2016 Pro bono Executive Director, Hamida Barmaki Organization for the Rule of Law, Kabul, Afghanistan

Since 1/2013 Managing Director, Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law; responsible for projects in Afghanistan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Colombia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Ukraine and research projects.

5/2012–9/2012 Expert on Informal Justice Systems in the HiiL/World Bank project “Innovations in Rule of Law” preparing the High Level Meeting of the UN General Assembly on the Rule of Law in 9/2012

10/2010–12/2012 Head of the Max Planck Institute’s “Water Conflicts in International Law” project

1/2009–12/2012 Head of the Max Planck Institute’s Middle East and Central Asia Projects (projects in, among others, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Libya, Tunisia, Egypt, Kyrgyzstan)

Since 2/2006 Head of the Afghanistan project of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law (since 1/2013: of the Max Planck Foundation)

9/2005 Doctorate in Law (“summa cum laude”) at Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main (Germany) with a thesis on the evolution of transnational business law: “Rechtsbildung im wirtschaftlichen ‘Weltverkehr’. Das Erdbeben von San Francisco und die internationale Standardisierung von Vertragsbedingungen (1871–1914)”, supervisor: Prof. Dr. Michael Stolleis

5/2005 Second State Examination in Law (Kammergericht Berlin)

5/2000–4/2003 Research Fellow, Max Planck Institute for the History of European Law, Frankfurt am Main and Member of the Independent Junior Research Group “Law in the Industrial Revolution”, led by Dr. Miloš Vec. Academic activities with the University of California, Berkeley (USA); European University Institute, Florence (Italy); Istituto storico germanico-italiano, Trento (Italy); Swiss Re, Zurich (Switzerland); and other institutions

2/2000 First State Examination in Law (Kammergericht Berlin)

1994–2000 Studies of law, history and philosophy (Georg August University) in Göttingen (Germany) and Berlin (Humboldt University)

Publications

Recent Publications

  • Key Legal and Political Developments at the United Nations in 2017 (with Maximilian Spohr). In: Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law 20, pp. 461-533 (2017)
  • From Gentlemen’s Agreement to Judicial Instrument: The History of Contract Practice and Conflict Resolution in Reinsurance. In: Jones, Geoffrey/Viggo-Haunter, Niels (eds.): Managing Risk in Reinsurance. From City Fires to Global Warming. Oxford University Press, Oxford 2016, pp. 182–205. Further information
  • Constitutionalism, Human Rights, and Islam after the Arab Spring. (Ed. together with Rainer Grote), Oxford University Press, Oxford/New York 2016, p. 987.
    Further information
  • Constitutional Debates in the Arab Spring (co-author: Rainer Grote). In: Constitutionalism, Human Rights, and Islam after the Arab Spring, ed. together with Rainer Grote, pp. 9-26, Oxford University Press, Oxford/New York 2016
  • State Control over the Military or Military Control over the State? A Comparison of Selected Arab Constitutions. In: Constitutionalism, Human Rights, and Islam after the Arab Spring, ed. together with Rainer Grote, pp. 283-322, Oxford University Press, Oxford/New York 2016
  • The Constitutional Legacy of the Arab Spring (co-author: Rainer Grote). In: Constitutionalism, Human Rights, and Islam after the Arab Spring, ed. together with Rainer Grote, pp. 907-917, Oxford University Press, Oxford/New York 2016

Further Publications

  • Key Legal and Political Developments at the United Nations in 2015 (with Maximilian Spohr). In: Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law 19 (2016), pp. 507–580.
  • Key Legal and Political Developments at the United Nations in 2014 (with Maximilian Spohr, main author). In: Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law 18, pp. 603–666 (2015).
  • Non-state Justice Institutions and the Law: Decision-making at the Interface of Tradition, Religion and the State (eds. with Matthias Kötter, Gunnar Folke Schuppert and Rüdiger Wolfrum), 252 p., Palgrave Macmillan, 2015. Further information
  • Pakistan: Jirgas Dispensing Justice without State Control (with Naveed A. Shinwari). In: Kötter, Matthias: et al. (eds. with Matthias Kötter, Gunnar Folke Schuppert and Rüdiger Wolfrum), 252 p., Palgrave Macmillan, 2015. 
  • Rechtsstaatsförderung durch Verfassungs- und Verwaltungsrechtsreformen. In: Dann, Philipp/Kadelbach, Stefan/Kaltenborn, Markus (Eds.): Recht und Entwicklung. Nomos, Baden-Baden 2014, pp. 499–526. Further information
  • Civil-Military Cooperation in Building the Rule of Law. In: Nollkaemper, Andre/Peerenboom, Randy/Zürn, Michael (eds.): Rule of Law Dynamics – In an Era of International and Transnational Governance. Cambridge UP, Cambridge 2014, pp. 206–232. Further information; Dari translation: Hamkari-e madani-nezami baraye barqarari-e hakemiat-e qanun, in: Salnamah Motala‘at Hoqooqi Afghanistan (Yearbook of Afghan Legal Studies) 1, pp. 536–579 (2015 / A.P. 1393)
  • Constitutionalism in Islamic Countries: Between Upheaval and Continuity (eds. with Rainer Grote). Oxford University Press, Oxford/New York 2012.
  • The Separation of Powers in Muslim Countries. Historical and Comparative Perspectives. In: Constitutionalism in Islamic Countries. Between Upheaval and Continuity (eds. with Rainer Grote). Oxford University Press, Oxford/New York 2012, pp. 321–372.
  • From Industrial to Legal Standardization, 1871–1914. Transnational Insurance Law and the Great San Francisco Earthquake. Brill, Leiden 2011.
  • Kashmir. In: Wolfrum, Rüdiger (Hrsg.): Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, Oxford University Press, Oxford 2008–. Article last updated January 2011. Further Information, Review
  • Human Rights Standards in Afghan Courtrooms. The Theory and Reality of the Right to a Fair Trial. In: Ellisie, Hatem (ed.): Beiträge zum islamischen Recht VII. Islam und Menschenrechte/Islam and Human Rights. Peter Lang Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2010, pp. 329–359. Further information
  • Der behutsame Weg zu einem stabilen Staat. In: Max Planck Forschung 1, München 2009, pp. 38–43. Document
  • Kollisionen zwischen Sharī’a, Gesetz und Stammestradition in Afghanistan. In: Kötter, Matthias/Schuppert, Gunnar Folke (eds.): Normative Pluralität Ordnen. Rechtsbegriffe, Normenkollisionen und Rule of Law in Kontexten dies- und jenseits des Staates. Nomos, Baden-Baden 2009, pp. 257–301.
  • Book Review: Simon, David (ed.): Fifty Key Thinkers on Development. Routledge, London 2006. In: Law and Politics in Africa, Asia and Latin America (Verfassung und Recht in Übersee), Vol. 41, No. 3, 2008, pp. 425–430.
  • Katastrophe als Katalysator. Der Untergang von San Francisco als Impuls für die Entstehung einer Weltgesellschaft. In: Unkelbach, René/Werron, Tobias/Nacke, Stefan (eds.): Weltereignisse. Theoretische und empirische Perspektiven. VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, Wiesbaden 2008, pp. 203–226.
  • Dritte Gewalt wächst heran. In: Y. Magazin der Bundeswehr, Vol. 8, No. 1, 2008, pp. 80–81. Nachdruck in: Kochendörfer, Jochen (ed.): Geschichte und Geschehen. Berufliche Gymnasien, Jahrgangsstufe 1 und 2, Stuttgart 2008, S. 311.
  • Crossing Academic Cultures. Association of Young Legal Historians Founded in Seville. In: H-Law of H-Net, Humanities and Social Sciences Online, 2007. Link
  • Little Steps Forward. Some Remarks on the Rome Conference on the Rule of Law in Afghanistan. In: Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law, Vol. 11, 2007, pp. 307–312. Document
  • Erinnern und Vergessen / Remembering and Forgetting. Proceedings of the European Forum of Young Legal Historians 2006 (Frankfurt am Main) (with Oliver Brupbacher et al.). In: Jahrbuch Junge Rechtsgeschichte, Vol. 2 / Yearbook of Young Legal History, Vol. 2, Martin Meidenbauer Verlag, München 2007, 546 pp.
  • Das Recht auf ein faires Verfahren. Ausbildung von Richtern und Staatsanwälten in Afghanistan. In: Max Planck Gesellschaft (Ed.): Forschungsbericht 2007 (zusammen mit Hestermeyer, Holger/Moschtaghi, Ramin). Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht, München 2007. Link
  • The roots of the “New Law Merchant”: How the international standardization of contracts and clauses changed business law. In: Forum Historiae Iuris. Erste europäische Internetzeitschrift für Rechtsgeschichte, 2006. Further information, Document
  • Samoqalaqo kodexi. Die Quellen des postsowjetischen Zivilrechts von Georgien (with Shalva Papuashvili). In: Duss, Vanessa et al. (eds.): Rechtstransfer in der Geschichte. Jahrbuch Junge Rechtsgeschichte, Vol. 1 / Yearbook of Young Legal History, Vol. 1, München 2006, pp. 204–218.
  • Rechtsbildung im wirtschaftlichen “Weltverkehr”. Das Erdbeben von San Francisco und die internationale Standardisierung von Vertragsbedingungen (1871–1914). Vittorio Klostermann, Frankfurt a.M. 2006, 393 pp. Further information, reviews: ZRG 124/2007 p. 763-765 (Werner Schubert), Comparativ 2/2007 S. 130-132 (Isabella Löhr), HSozKult 4.10.2006 (Uwe Luebken)
  • Blicke aus dem Dar al-Harb. Bericht über die Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Arabisches und Islamisches Recht in Göttingen, 23–24. Sept. 2005. In: NJW-aktuell, Vol. 43, 2005, pp. XIV–XV.
  • Risiko oder Gefahr? Die Bedeutung der Wahrnehmung von Katastrophen für ihre wirtschaftliche und rechtliche Bewältigung. In: Kritische Vierteljahresschrift für Gesetzgebung und Rechtswissenschaft, Jahrgang 88, Vol. 4, 2005, pp. 303–317. Document
  • Phederatsiuli germaniis iustitsiaschi kofili germaniis demokratiuli respublikis (gdr) mosamartleta uphlebamosilebis schenartschuneba (Aufsatz über die Weiterbeschäftigung von Richtern nach politischen Systemwechseln). In: Tavisuphleba (Tbilissi/Georgien), Nr. 12/36, Dezember 2004.
  • Standards, Norms, and the Law: The Impact of Industrial Revolution (with Margit Seckelmann and Milos Vec). In: Becker, Peter (Hrsg.): Normalising Diversity. EUI working-paper HEC No. 2003/5, European University Institute, Badia Fiesolana 2003, pp. 23–43. Document

Presentations, Lectures and Conferences

Presentations

  • 19 July 2016 "Militaries as Actors in Constitutional Change Processes", Conference: Constitutionalism under Extreme Conditions, Minerva Center for the Rule of Law under Extreme Conditions (Haifa)
  • 21 January 2016 “Arab Militaries during and after the Uprising”, Dialogues 2016 Series, Agha Khan University (London)
  • 15 January 2016 “Constitutionalism in Islamic Countries. Historical Developments and Current Challenges”, Seminar Prof. Dr. Daniel König, Ruprechts-Karl-Universität (Heidelberg)
  • 12 January 2016 “Rechtsstaatsförderung als Instrument der Krisenprävention und Stabilisierung: Möglichkeiten und Grenzen”, Seminar Prof. Dr. Sebastian Harnisch, Ruprechts-Karl-Universität (Heidelberg)
  • 4 July 2015 “Transitional Justice in Germany, 1945–2015”, Konferenz: Disasters of Violence, War and Extremism, Forschungszentrum Historische Geisteswissenschaften, Goethe University (Frankfurt am Main)
  • 12 May 2015 “Kinderrechte in Afghanistan zwischen staatlicher Garantie und gesellschaftlicher Realität”, Symposium: Hamida Barmaki: Ein Leben für die Rechte afghanischer Frauen und Kinder. University, ETC (Graz)
  • 29 April 2015 “Colonial Law in the 21st Century – The Framework for Dispute Resolution in Pakistan’s Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA)”, REMEP Research School / Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law (Freiburg)
  • 11 November 2014 “Capacity development in international rule of law assistance”, Trilateral Dialogue on Rule of Law Assistance in Peace Operations: EU OSCE and UN Experiences, Center for International Peace Operations / ZIF (Berlin)
  • 24 June 2014 “Country example: Pakistan”, International Conference "Informal Justice as Restorative Justice", Max Planck Foundation and Hamida Barmaki Organization (Kabul)
  • 31 October 2013 “New Constitutional Courts in the MENA Region: Towards the Protection of Constitutionalism and Human Rights?”, Turan Günes Annual Conferences on Constitutional Law, Koç University Law School (Istanbul)
  • 7 May 2013 “Aller Anfang ist schwer: Verfassungsgebung zwischen lokalen und universellen Legitimitätsvorstellungen” (panel theme), 32nd “Forum Globale Fragen” of the German Foreign Office: “Erfolgsfaktoren und Fallstricke externer Demokratieförderung” (Berlin)
  • 25 October 2012 Verfassungsberatung: “Erfahrungen nach dem ‘Arabischen Frühling’”, Internationale Konferenz “Demokratie- und Rechtsstaatsförderung durch die IRZ – 20 Jahre internationale rechtliche Zusammenarbeit” (Berlin)
  • 9 May 2012 Verfassungsberatung für den Übergangsrat in Libyen, Senior Course on Security Policy, Federal College for Security Studies (Berlin)
  • 23 September 2011 “Rechtsstaatsaufbau durch Staats- und Verwaltungsrechtsreformen” Conference on Law and Development (Gießen)
  • 11 May 2010 “ISAF takes command: The Militarization of Justice Reform in Afghanistan” (Heidelberg)
  • 27 November 2009 “Civil-Military Cooperation in Building the Rule of Law”, Colloquium “The Dynamics of the Rule of Law”, organised by The Hague Institute for the Internationalisation of Law (HIIL), Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) and Hertie School of Governance (Berlin)
  • 22 Sep. 2009 “Modern Approaches to Legal Education MPIL Conference on the Rule of Law in Iraq” (Arbil, Iraq)
  • 12 June 2009 “Grundrechtsdogmatik vs. Scharia? Deutsche Beiträge zu Verfassungsentwicklungen in der Islamischen Welt”, Wissenschaftskolloquium “Internationale Rezeption deutscher Verfassungsprinzipien in der Wissenschaft und Praxis” of the IMPRS for Comparative Legal History (Heidelberg)
  • 24 April 2009 “Limits to CIMIC in Building the Rule of Law: Discrepancies between Military and Civilian Concepts of Law”, The 4th meeting of the Hague Rule of Law Network (HRoLN): Civil-Military Cooperation in Building the Rule of Law, organised by The Hague Institute for the Internationalisation of Law (HIIL) in collaboration with Utrecht University (Utrecht)
  • 11 January 2008 Rechtspluralismus im islamischen Kontext (Legal Pluralism in the Context of Islam) “Normative Pluralitäten ordnen”. Social Science Research Center Berlin WZB (Berlin)
  • 8 January 2007 “Disputes between Government and Parliament, or Members of Parliament”, Seminar on Potential Disputes before the Sudanese Constitutional Court in Sudan, Heidelberg
  • 14 Dec. 2006 “Urban Catastrophes: Patterns of Perception and Reaction”, EABH Conference “Risk and Disaster: A Historical Approach”, Swiss Re Centre for Global Dialogue (Zurich-Rüschlikon)
  • 9 October 2006 “Von San Francisco bis Messina: Reaktionen auf die Stadtkatastrophen der Jahre 1906–1908”, Swiss Re Centre for Global Dialogue (Zurich-Rüschlikon)
  • 17 July 2006 “Brücken über den cultural lag: Das selbstgeschaffene Recht der internationalen Versicherungswirtschaft um 1900”, Kolloquium zum Privatversicherungsrecht von Prof. Chr. Armbrüster, Freie Universität (Berlin)
  • 28 May 2005 “Samoqalaqo kodexi. Die Quellen des postsowjetischen Zivilrechts von Georgien” with Dr. Shalva Papuashvili, “Rechtstransfer in der Geschichte”. European Forum of Young Legal Historians (Lucerne)
  • 23 May 2003 Harmonisierung von Versicherungsrecht in Europa vor dem Ersten Weltkrieg “Das neue Europa und seine Traditionen. Ius privatum, iuscanonicum, ius publicum”, Europäisches Forum junger Rechtshistoriker/innen (Budapest)
  • 3 June 2002 “Standards, Norms, and the Law: The Impact of Industrial Revolution” with M. Seckelmann, European University Institute (Badia Fiesolana, Italy)
  • 4 April 2003 “Transnationales Risikomanagement avant la lettre – Reaktionen der Versicherungswirtschaft auf die Katastrophe von San Francisco (1906)”, Gesellschaft für Unternehmensgeschichte/AK Versicherungsgeschichte (Berlin)

Lectures

  • 1415 Jan. 2012 Electoral Law Capacity Building
  • Workshop for the Afghan Independent Election Commission, Human Rights Commission and NGOs, organised by Humboldt Viadrina School of Governance (Dushanbe, Tajikistan)
  • 45 Nov. 2009 Experiences from Constitution Drafting and Civil Agreement Processes 
  • Workshop of Israeli Civil Society Activists aiming at a domestic Arab-Jewish dialogue and the development of a Civil Agreement for their country, organised by Heinrich Boell Foundation (Berlin)
  • 29 June – 10 July 2008 Principles of Federalism Workshop for the Independent Federal Constitutional Commission of Somalia (IFCC) and the Parliamentary Constitutional Committee of Somalia (Kampala, Uganda)
  • 26 Nov.  7 Dec. 2006 Constitutionalism of the Judiciary Workshop (Karthoum, Sudan)

Participation in Conferences

  • 11 Sept. 2014 Commentator: “Development and the Rule of Law”, Conference “The Rule of Law 
and Its Application to the United Nations”, Max Planck Institute for International, European 
and Regulatory Procedural Law (Luxembourg)
  • 24–25 June 2014 Chairman (with Prof. Dr. Mohammad Farajiha): International Conference “Informal Justice as Restorative Justice” (Kabul)
  • 20 Mar. 2014 Chairman: “Constitutional Law in Times of Change”, Conference with Justices and Presiding Judges of the Thai Supreme Court and Appeals Courts (Heidelberg)
  • 21–22 May 2013 Panel leader: Workshop of the Union Attorney General’s Office of Myanmar on the Reform of Legal Education (Naypyitaw, Myanmar)
  • 10–11 July 2012 Chairman: Constitution Drafting Seminar with Members of the Tunisian Assemblée Constituante (Heidelberg)
  • 22–24 Feb. 2012 Initiator (with programme responsibility): “Constitutional Reform in Arab Countries” (Heidelberg)
  • 22–23 Sept. 2011 Speaker: Conference Law and Development (Gießen)
  • 27–29 June 2011 Panel leader: Expert Workshop “Islamic Law, The Rule of Law, and International Peace Operations” (Cairo, Egypt)
  • 20 June 2011 Speaker: Workshop on a Collective Publication on the History of Reinsurance (Zurich, Switzerland)
  • 23–24 May 2011 International Meeting on Recent Events in Arab Countries: Horizons, Challenges and Consequences for the Rule of Law and Justice Reforms (The Hague, Netherlands)
  • 17–19 May 2011 Co-organizer and panel leader: Conference “Decision Making on Pluralist Normative Ground: On the Governance of Disparate Traditional, Religious and Statutory Laws in Pluralist Societies” (Berlin)
  • 12–15 Apr. 2011 Chairman: “Fundamentals of a Future Administrative Procedure Code for Afghanistan” (Heidelberg)
  • 27–28 Oct. 2010 Chairman: Conference “The Role of Lawyers and their Associations in Building the Rule of Law in Iraq” (Arbil, Iraq)
  • 23–24 Aug. 2010 Organiser: Colloquium “The Role of the Federal Supreme Court in the Resolution of the Iraqi Constitutional Crisis” (Heidelberg)
  • 12–14 Aug. 2010 Chairman: Conference “Administrative Law in Afghanistan” (Heidelberg)
  • 7–10 Feb. 2010 Speaker: Conference “Sharia Law in Constitutions of Muslim Countries: Challenges for the Somali Constitution-Building Process” (Djibouti)
  • 28 Nov. 2009 Moderator: Conference of the Collaborative Research Center 700 (SFB) “Transfer in Dispute. Controversial Representations of Cultural Borrowings in East Asia, the Arab World and Europe” (Berlin)
  • 12–15 Feb. 2009 Organiser (with Rainer Grote): Symposium “Constitutional Law in Muslim Countries” (Dubai)
  • 25–28 May 2006 Co-organiser of the European Forum of Young Legal Historians: “Remebering and Forgetting” (Frankfurt/Main)

Honours

  • Thesis awarded the “Geisteswissenschaften International – Preis zur Förderung der Übersetzung geisteswissenschaftlicher Literatur” by the Börsenverein des Deutschen Buchhandels, the Fritz Thyssen Foundation and the German Foreign Office (2008). Further information

Memberships

Associate Member of the Frankfurt Humanities Research Centre, Frankfurt am Main University

Member of the German Branch of the International Law Association (ILA)

Association for Arabic and Islamic Law (Gesellschaft für Arabisches und Islamisches Recht, GAIR)

African Law Association (Gesellschaft für Afrikanisches Recht)

Member of the Hague Rule of Law Network (HRoLN)

International Network to Promote the Rule of Law (INPROL)

Miscellaneous