Support to an Inclusive Constitutional Reform in the Republic of the Sudan through Technical Legal Capacity Building in the Area of Comparative Constitutional Law

In 2014, the Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir called upon political forces and civil society in the country to take part in an inclusive National Dialogue addressing the enormous social, political, security, and economical challenges confronting the Republic of the Sudan. The National Dialogue was intended to culminate in an inclusive process of constitutional reform to enshrine the agreements reached within the Dialogue in a new constitutional document replacing the current Interim National Constitution of the Republic of the Sudan of 2005 (INC).

However, while the National Dialogue Conference was eventually launched in October 2015, in the end, it did not materialise in an inclusive process. Some of the major political parties refrained from participating. Notwithstanding this, the steps towards a revised constitutional order in the Sudan progressed since the completion of the National Dialogue and the launch of its Outcome Document in the beginning of October 2016. Based on the principles laid out in the latter, until today, the Republic of the Sudan continues to pursue a substantial reform of its Constitution offering a window of opportunity for technical legal support.

For this reason, since 2014, the Max Planck Foundation has been supporting Sudan's commitments towards an inclusive constitutional reform with various projects particularly aimed at strengthening the legal capacities of relevant Sudanese stakeholders in the area of comparative constitutional law. Consequently, building on its previous endeavours, the two projects currently implemented by the Max Planck Foundation continue these efforts and support the reform process with respective legal trainings. While the two projects, which are directed at distinct target groups, are both being funded by individual donors and in general independent in their implementation, they nevertheless complement each other both pursuing the same overall objective to support an inclusive constitutional reform in the Sudan. As always, the Max Planck Foundation is thereby implementing these projects by strictly adhering to its guiding principles of neutrality, independence and local ownership.