Promotion of the Rule of Law, Human Rights and Peaceful Conflict Resolution through Technical Legal Advice and Legal Capacity Building
Based on the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), which was signed in 2005, the semi-autonomous region of Southern Sudan possessed its own constitutional framework, the Interim Constitution of Southern Sudan (ICSS), for the transitional period between 2005–2011. After a referendum in 2011, which resulted in the secession of South Sudan from Sudan, President Salva Kiir appointed a Technical Committee to revise the ICSS. Just prior to South Sudan’s independence on 9 July 2011, the revised constitution was adopted by the regional parliament, the Southern Sudan Legislative Assembly (SSLA) on 6 July 2011.
The Max Planck Foundation has been active in South Sudan before and after its secession from Sudan. Our projects are a continuation of the research projects of the Global Knowledge Transfer working group of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law (MPIL), which was active in Sudan beginning in 2002. After the referendum on independence in January 2011, a meeting with high-ranking Southern Sudanese legal experts on the then current constitutional order took place in Heidelberg. This initiative provided a neutral platform to discuss required amendments to the ICSS due to the upcoming secession as well as the future relations between South Sudan and Sudan.