Start date: 2010 at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law
Areas of expertise: Public International Law, Fair Trial Standards, Human Rights, Islamic Law, Constitutional Law, International Humanitarian Law, International Criminal Law, Access to Justice, Refugee Law, Legislative drafting
Highlights: 5 projects, 10+ workshops, 1 conference


Pakistan continues to face considerable challenges in the implementation of the rule of law. One of the causes is a weak understanding of International Law and Constitutional Law even among influential actors in society. For instance, religious scholars (ulama) have a limited understanding of the State and the international system, potentially transferring misconceptions to larger parts of the population. Another limitation is a lack of jurists specialising in International Law, impacting the implementation of Pakistan’s international obligations and its relationships with neighbouring States.

On another note, in the past four decades, millions of people have fled from conflict in Afghanistan to Pakistan. Pakistan has and continues to coordinate response efforts with Afghanistan and the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), however refugees face continued challenges in the country. In particular, refugees have limited access to legal assistance and protection, including in cases of alleged rights violations. Recently, concerns have also been raised about the nature of the refugees’ repatriation and reintegration on return to Afghanistan.

Current projects in Pakistan

  • There are no current projects

Completed projects in Pakistan