Building Legal Expertise across Pakistan and Afghanistan and Legal Education of Pakistani Ulama

Pakistan continues to face considerable challenges in the implementation of the rule of law. One of the causes is a weak understanding of international law and constitutional law even among influential actors in society. For instance, religious scholars (ulama) have a limited understanding of the State and the international system, potentially transferring misconceptions to larger parts of the population. Another limitation is a lack of jurists specialising in international law, impacting the implementation of Pakistan’s international obligations and its relationships with neighbouring States.

This project is divided into two parts. The first aims at promoting the compatibility of Islam and modern society by equipping members of religious establishment with basic knowledge of law. This component encourages ulama, whose views are influential in Pakistani society, to engage in socio-legal debates within the country in an informed manner. It is designed as a series of taught modules on fundamental aspects of international law, constitutional law and their relationships with Islamic law.

The second part is a cross-border initiative involving Pakistan and Afghanistan that facilitates dialogue between their legal communities through collaborative learning and research. By targeting female law students and recent graduates, this component strengthens their expertise in international law, enabling them to pursue careers at relevant State and international institutions. This will involve not only taught modules on advanced aspects of public international law and international criminal law, but also joint research, writing and presentations by Pakistani and Afghan participants together.


German Foreign Office


1 November 2015 – 31 December 2016

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